Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Site Map

CRJU 3800-Race, Ethnicity, & Criminal Justice: Anomie (Strain) Theory

Key Theorists and Researchers

Durkheim felt that societies could become susceptible to crime and other social problems due to rapid population growth and urbanization. Societies would not have time to enact appropriate laws and regulations to govern social interactions.  This condition of inadequate social control was what Durkehiem called anomie

Merton stated that anomie produces strain in people.  He developed a typology of individual responses to the strain.  These responses are: conformity, innovation, ritualism, reatreatism, and rebellion. 

Emile Durkheim

Robert K. Merton

Robert Agnew

Steven Messner

Richard Rosenfeld

Albert H. Cohen

Richard Cloward

Derek Ohlin


Most of our eBooks are from two sources: EBSCOhost, and ebrary.  The EBSCOhost and ebrary eBooks are listed in Galileo under the “Databases A-Z” link. If accessing from off campus you will have to be logged into Galileo to view both the EBSCOhost and ebrary eBooks.