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CRJU 3800-Race, Ethnicity, & Criminal Justice: Criminal Justice Theories


Types of Criminal Justice

Albert Eglesh wrote in the article "Beyond Restitution: Creative Restitution", that there are three types of criminal justice: retributive, rehabilitative, and restorative (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002).  

Retributive justice views crime as acts that violate laws enacted by governments.  The state, as victim, demands accountability and receives retribution through means of punishment. 

Rehabilitative justice also views the government as victim and the offender as accountable through means of punishment, but it considers the offender as an individual in need of treatment. 

Restorative justice involves victim, offender and community in a process to restore and promote healing. 

Classic Readings

The readings listed below are found in the book: