Criminal Justice: Anomie & Strain Theory
Key Theorists and Researchers
Durkheim felt that societies could become susceptible to crime and other social problems due to rapid population growth and urbanization. Societies would not have time to enact appropriate laws and regulations to govern social interactions. This condition of inadequate social control was what Durkehiem called anomie.
Merton stated that anomie produces strain in people. He developed a typology of individual responses to the strain. These responses are: conformity, innovation, ritualism, reatreatism, and rebellion.
Other individuals associated with this theory:
Robert K. Merton
Albert H. Cohen
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