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ENGL 3000 Writing for Education/Social Sciences: Literature Review

How Often do I Need to Cite?

According to APA:

"Avoid both undercitation and overcitation. Undercitation can lead to plagiarism and/or self-plagiarism. Overcitation can be distracting and is unnecessary.

For example, it is considered overcitation to repeat the same citation in every sentence when the source and topic have not changed. Instead, when paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged."

Literature Review Examples

Chances are that you have several samples literature reviews in the collection of articles you gathered for the Bibliography. Look at the research studies--the Introduction sections are largely literature reviews. Re-read a few to get a feel for what kinds of info to include, how to format, etc. 

Purdue Owl has a sample page that is a wonderful gift to writers of APA papers:

Basic In-Text Author/Date Citations

Author type *Parenthetical Citation **Narrative Citation
One author (Whitley, 2018) Whitley (2018)
Two authors (Bailey & Tolliver, 2019) Bailey and Tolliver (2019)
Three or more authors (Burger et al., 2020) Burger et al. (2020)

*Parenthetical Example: Libraries are combined work and social spaces, where work and play may be even be intertwined (Whitley, 2018).

**Narrative Example: Whitley (2018) states that libraries are combined work and social spaces, where work and play may even be intertwined.