Literary Theory and Research: Formalism
John Crowe Ransom
Robert Penn Warren
NeoAristolianism (Chicago School)
Books in the Library
Formalism stresses the importance of literary form (organization, structure, and verbal nuances) to the meaning of a work.
The formalist movement began in England with I.A. Richard's Practical Criticism. Richards asked students to interpret famous poems without telling them the poet's names. In this way, students would focus more on the text, and less on the details of the poet's life or the poem's historical context.